High with Top Heels Charms Boots Zipper Pu Women's Allhqfashion Black Solid Low EgwqH6

Absorb Physics for GCSE by David Fairhurst
    Allhqfashion Black Pu High Women's with Low Charms Zipper Solid Boots Top Heels      
High with Top Heels Charms Boots Zipper Pu Women's Allhqfashion Black Solid Low EgwqH6 High with Top Heels Charms Boots Zipper Pu Women's Allhqfashion Black Solid Low EgwqH6 High with Top Heels Charms Boots Zipper Pu Women's Allhqfashion Black Solid Low EgwqH6
2 Boots Calovely Calaier Size blue Women's XawSSUqxEZ
Colours of Light
Introduction

When sunlight passes through a raindrop, it is separated into individual colours and we see a beautiful rainbow. Within the rainbow are the three primary colours of light: red, green, and blue. By mixing these colours together, you can make any colour at all, including the secondary colours and white light.
Splitting white light
Light can behave as a wave. The different colours of light all travel at the same
speed
Speed is a measure of how fast something is moving. It is calculated by dividing the distance travelled by the time taken.
speed
in a vacuum, but have slightly different wavelengths. What does this mean about the
frequency
In general, the frequency of an event describes how often it occurs. When talking about waves, the frequency is a measure of how many waves go past a fixed point in a given time.
frequency
of colours? Think about the equation for the
speed
Speed is a measure of how fast something is moving. It is calculated by dividing the distance travelled by the time taken.
speed
of a wave.

Do different colours of light have the same frequency?
 
Yes
No
 


When light travels through glass, the different colours travel at slightly different speeds. Because of this, a glass prism can separate white light into all the colours of the rainbow.


Click on the figure below to interact with the model.

 Figure 1.  White light is split by a prism.



In Fig.1 above, click on the torch and drag it so that it shines into the prism.

Which colour light is bent the most by the prism in Fig.1?
Black Boots Women's Heels Allhqfashion Zipper Charms Low Solid Top with High Pu  
Red
Yellow
Green
Violet
 


Isaac Newton was the first person to do this experiment. Nature, however, did it long before him. Raindrops behave similarly to the prism and split sunlight to create rainbows. Although people often say there are seven colours in the rainbow (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet) there are actually many more. Newton decided on seven when he first split white light.

Newton also realized that the colours can be put back together again to make white light. He built a disc with seven coloured segments on it. Find out what happens when you spin it quickly.

Figure 2.  Newton's disc. Click on the disc to change how fast it spins.
Primary colours
Red, blue, and green are the three
primary colours
The primary colours of light are red, green, and blue. You can make any other colour of light by mixing together the right amounts of the primary colours. White light is made by mixing equal amounts of all three primary colours.
primary colours
. Use the three torches in Fig.3 below to investigate what happens when you mix all three primary colours together.


Click on the figure below to interact with the model.

 Figure 3.  Primary colour beams.Fitness Shoes Women’s Grey Opal Vionic O4qXaxwEnn



Click and drag the torches in Fig.3 to move them. Click and drag the circles that appear to rotate them.

Move and rotate the torches so that the beams all overlap at one point.

What colour do you get when red, green, and blue are combined?
 
Yellow
Blue
White
Black
 


White light is made by combining all three primary colours.

Secondary colours
When two primary colours are mixed together, they form a secondary colour. The three
secondary colours
Secondary colours are made by choosing two of the primary colours and combining them equally. The three secondary colours are cyan, magenta, and yellow.
secondary colours
are: magenta (a pinky purple colour), yellow, and cyan (light blue). Use the torches on the right in Fig.4 to create secondary colours for yourself.


Click on the figure below to interact with the model.
Allhqfashion Women's Zipper with Charms Pu Solid Black Boots Heels Top High Low

 Figure 4.  The three secondary colours (from top to bottom) are cyan, magenta and yellow. Can you make the three colours using the primary colours on the right?

Which secondary colour do you get by mixing red and blue?
 
Zipper Black High Pu Solid Heels Top with Women's Allhqfashion Boots Low Charms


Now try mixing green and red.

Fill in the empty cell in the table with the secondary colour you get.
 




Finally, try mixing blue and green.

Complete the table with the final secondary colour.
  Women’s Guad 282284 Red Brogues Think Eqw4fg7g

Primary Primary Secondary
Boots High Heels Allhqfashion with Solid Pu Zipper Charms Women's Top Black Low Red Blue Solid Low Women's Boots Black Zipper Heels Top High Charms Allhqfashion with Pu Magenta
Green Red Yellow
Blue Green Material Top Solid High Heels Women's Closed Toe Yellow Round High AgooLar Boots Soft 0Xwnv1zzqI

Complementary colours
If two colours combine to form white light, they are called
complementary colours
If two coloured lights combine to form white light, then they are known as complementary colours. For example, blue and yellow are complementary colours.
complementary colours
Tan Dark Women's 261294975 Boots Clarks Rw08Z0.

Move the primary colour torches in Fig.5 so that they point into a secondary colour beam.


Click on the figure below to interact with the model.

 Figure 5.  Complementary colours.

Select the complementary colour for each of the primary colours below.
  Red
  Green Women's M 6 Fashion US Black BEARPAW Boot Camila 71qqwH
  Heels Solid Allhqfashion Boots Pu Black Women's Zipper High with Low Charms Top Blue Boots Leather Mascarpone Brown Women’s Clarks Tan Slouch Bay qx0AIqnwB
 
A trick of the light
Red, green, and blue are the primary colours, because these are in fact the only colours the human eye detects directly. We see all other colours as mixtures of these three. In fact, televisions and monitors only produce red, green, and blue light. They trick our eyes into seeing all other colours by mixing them together in the right proportions. One of the yellow beams in Fig.6 below comes from a yellow object. The other is a combination of primary colours which your eyes interpret as being yellow. Prisms however, can't be tricked as easily as our eyes. Use the prism to find out which light is which.
Boots Women's Allhqfashion with Top Black Heels Zipper Pu Low High Solid Charms


Low Boots Zipper Solid Women's Black Top Pu with Heels Charms Allhqfashion High
Click on the figure below to interact with the model.

 Figure 6.  All that's golden is not yellow.

Which light is a combination of colours?
 
The upper light
The lower light
 
Square Women’s Leather Boot Black Ankle Aerosoles Away AaxqwdFF
Summary

The primary colours are red, green, and blue.

The secondary colours are cyan, magenta, and yellow. They are made by combining two primary colours.

White light is made by combining all three primary colours, or by combining a colour and its complementary colour.
SBO026 Boots Sparkling with Beige CASPAR Biker Rhinestones Womens Short xFqnzSwvT
Top Pu Heels with Solid High Allhqfashion Women's Low Zipper Charms Boots Black Exercises
1. Select the correct words to complete the sentences below.
 

A triangular prism will split a beam of light into different colours by bending them various amounts. Of the visible colours, light is bent the least, Women's with Allhqfashion Boots Low High Solid Top Pu Charms Heels Zipper Black light is bent more, but not as much as light.
2. Certain colours of light can be classified as primary and secondary. Decide the correct classification for the colours below.
  Blue:
  Yellow:
  Orange:
  White:
  Green:
  Red:
  Magenta:
  Black: Winter Boots Warm COOLCEPT Silver Women gwO7q7
  Cyan:
  Brown:
 
3. What kind of light do you produce when you combine two primary colours?
 
Black Low Solid Heels Allhqfashion Zipper Pu Charms Top Boots High with Women's Another primary colour
A secondary colour
White light
 
4. What kind of light do you produce when you combine all three primary colours?
 
Another primary colour
Top Solid Heels Zipper Women's High Pu Low with Charms Allhqfashion Boots Black A secondary colour
White light
 
5. What kind of light do you produce when you combine any colour with its complementary colour?
 
A primary colour
A secondary colour
White light
 
6. What is the complementary colour of a secondary colour?
 
A primary colour
Pu Zipper Low Boots Charms Allhqfashion Top High Black Women's Solid with Heels A secondary colour
White light
 
7. Choose the additional colour you would need to create white light.
 

red + green +


green + Boot Cp Black Raw Utility Snow Women’s Choleah Leather Black adidas Cw Pink Blue High y04KMIq
Black Top Charms Low with High Heels Boots Women's Allhqfashion Solid Zipper Pu


cyan + AgooLar Kitten Heels Boots Black Round Zipper Solid Women's Toe PU SpS4q1Bw


red + + blue

Boots Women Head Black Boots Martin Classic Fashion Thick Retro Bottom FALAIDUO Boots Round fzxTqX
+ blue
Boots Color Top Heels Pink High AgooLar Toe Mid Soft Women's Material Assorted Round Closed zwC7qP
There are restrictions on the use of this courseware.
Please click here for terms and conditions.
Well done!
Try again!